Below are links to papers related to or applying MrP. Are we missing yours? Contact us!

Papers About MrP


Park, David K., Andrew Gelman, and Joseph Bafumi. Bayesian Multilevel Estimation with Poststratification: State-Level Estimates from National PollsPolitical Analysis 12(4): 2004.


Park, David K., Andrew Gelman, and Joseph Bafumi. 2006. State Level Opinions from National Surveys: Poststratification using Multilevel Logistic Regression, in Public Opinion in State Politics (ed. Jeffrey E. Cohen). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.


Lax, Jeffrey and Justin Phillips. How Should We Estimate Public Opinion in the States?, American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 53(1): January 2009.

Pacheco, Julianna. Using National Surveys to Measure Dynamic U.S. State Public Opinion: A Guideline for Scholars and an Application, State Politics & Policy Quarterly, Vol. 11(4): December 2011.

Rodden, Jonathan and Christopher Warshaw. How Should We Measure District-Level Public Opinion on Individual Issues?, Journal of Politics, Vol. 74(1): January 2012.

Tausanovitch, Chris and Christopher Warshaw. Measuring Constituent Policy Preferences in Congress, State Legislatures and Cities, Journal of Politics, Vol. 75(2): April 2013.

Ghitza, Yair and Andrew Gelman. Deep Interactions with MRP: Election Turnout and Voting Patterns Among Small Electoral Subgroups, American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 57(3): July 2013.

Buttice, Matthew K. and Benjamin Highton. How Does Multilevel Regression and Poststratification Perform with Conventional National Surveys?, Political Analysis, Vol. 21(4): September 2013.



Leemann, Lucas and Fabio Wasserfallen. Extending the Use and Prediction Precision of Subnational Public Opinion Estimation. 2014.


Shirley, Kenneth E. and Andrew Gelman. Hierarchical models for estimating state and demographic trends in US death penalty public opinionJournal of the Royal Statistical Society​, 2015.


Papers Using MrP

Lax, Jeffrey and Justin Phillips. Gay Rights in the States: Public Opinion and Policy Responsiveness, American Political Science Review, Vol. 103(3): August 2009.


Lax, Jeffrey, Jonathan Kastellec, and Justin Phillips. Public Opinion and Senate Confirmation of Supreme Court NomineesJournal of Politics, Vol. 71(3): July 2010.

Lax, Jeffrey and Justin Phillips. The Democratic Deficit in the States, American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 56(1): January 2012.

Pacheco, Julianna. Measuring and Evaluating Changes in State Opinion Across Eight Issues, American Politics Research, Vol. 42(6): April 2014.

Kastellec, Jonathan, Jeffrey Lax, Michael Malecki, and Justin Phillips. Polarizing the Electoral Connection: Partisan Representation in Supreme Court Confirmation Politics, Journal of Politics, July 2015.

Krimmel, Katherine, Jeffrey Lax, and Justin Phillips. Gay Rights in Congress: Public Opinion and (Mis)Representation, Public Opinion Quarterly, 2015.


Kastellec, Jonathan. Empirically Evaluating the Counter-Majoritarian Difficulty: Public Opinion, State Policy, and Judicial Decisions Before Roe v. Wade, Journal of Law & Courts, 2016.